The Kangaroo courts, which are unelected village councils comprising men of a particular clan or caste, are infamous for ordering social boycotts.
They have ordered boycotts like banishing individuals and families from the community, denying access to temples, wells, markets to lower caste community, branding women as witches, and, in some case, ordering gang rapes or killings as punishment.
“The Act was required against the backdrop of atrocities inflicted on people in the name of tradition, caste and community. It is necessary to prohibit social boycotts as a matter of social reform in the interest of public welfare.”
In 2011, Supreme Court described kangaroo courts as illegal.
“The law will help check caste crimes to some extent. It empowers lower-caste people and it empowers human rights organisations, as it gives us a tool with which to fight against village panchayats,” said Irfan Engineer, director of the Centre for Study of Society and Secularism in Mumbai.