Lachit Borphukan was the legendary commander of Assam, who fought relentlessly to curb Mughal empire’s expansion in Assam.
Each year, Assam celebrates ‘Lachit Divas’ to remember the valour of Borphukan, who defeated the mighty Mughal army in the Battle of Saraighat and set a rare example of patriotism.
Unlike military leaders like Shivaji, Lakshmi Bai and Bajirao, Borphukan did not find his rightful place in our history texts.
Borphukan was born on November 24, 1622, he was a military commander (also known as Borbarua) in the famous Ahom Kingdom in Assam.
He commanded the Ahom army in the battle of Saraighat (now in guwahati) which ultimately defeated the Mughal Army by brilliant use of diplomatic negotiations, guerrilla tactics, psychological warfare, and military intelligence.
During the final battle over Brahmaputra, Mughal navy was their weakest link which Ahom’s used to their advantage.
Lachit himself attacked Mughal Navy with 7 war boats. This fierce attack left 4000 Mughal army dead and their navy destroyed.
Lachit’s patriotism was exhibited in the battle of battle of Saraighat where he even went to the extent of beheading his own uncle for the sake of his own country.
The Mughal Commander-in-Chief, acknowledging his defeat, wrote, “Glory to the king! Glory to the counselors! Glory to the commanders! Glory to the country! One single individual leads all the forces! Even I, Ram Singh, being personally on the spot, have not been able to find any loophole and an opportunity!”
The king presented Lachit with a gold-hafted sword (Hengdang) to carry out the task of defeating the Mughals.
Even National Defense Academy decorates its best cadet by conferring them Lachit Borphukan Gold medal.
At the Lachit Maidam, Lachit Borphukan’s last remains lie in the rest.