Kerala has become the first state in the country to achieve 100 per cent primary education status.
Vice President Hamid Ansari officially declared this on January 13 at a function at Kerala University Senate Hall in Thiruvananthapuram.
Education minister PK Abdu Rabb attributed this success to the primary education equivalency drive of the state literacy mission — Athulyam.
“The equivalency programmes in the state have proved a huge success and the ultimate objective is to achieve total Plus-Two education in the state,” Rabb said.
Through Athulyam, which was carried out in two phases after being launched in March 2013, Kerala aimed to educate those who had been unable to complete their primary education up to fourth standard. Those aged 15 to 50 benefited most by this programme and were identified through family registries prepared by Anganwadis. This was done under the social justice department.
Ward-level surveys were also carried out by instructors in continuing education programmes.
In the second phase of this programme, the students who have not received primary education or who failed to get primary education due to several reasons will be recognised, and they will be provided classes to achieve the education.
Representational image. forbes
Kerala’s success is also attributed to its high literacy rate in the country. Schools and colleges are mostly administered by the government, private trusts, or individuals. Each school is associated with the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education (ICSE), the Central Board for Secondary Education (CBSE), and Kerala State Education Board or the (NIOS).
According to a report, around 2.6 lakh people took the fourth standard equivalency examination in June 2015 and 2.2 lakh candidates qualified.
The equivalency exam was conducted in 6,613 centres across the state and those who scored 30/75 in English and 20/50 in other subjects were declared winners. This achievement in education also goes to the modern policies adopted by the successive governments in Kerala. The aided-school policy adopted by the EMS Govt paved way for private entrepreneurs to start up schools with government aiding. It also normalised remuneration for the school staff including teachers.
Kerala has set an example for all the states in the country which needed to be followed by other states to achieve high literacy rate.