The 90s brought with them rising separatist activities in the Kashmir Valley and things got tense between India and Pakistan. Both countries conducted nuclear tests in 1998, and signed the Lahore Declaration in 1999, aiming to have a peaceful and bilateral solution to the “Kashmir issue”.
Soldiers of 13 JAK Rifles after their capture of Point 4875(Tiger Hill) bharat-rakshak
During the early days, the Indian army did not realize the magnitude of the operation. When they caught some infiltrators, they planned to evict them. However, when more infiltrators were discovered in other places along the LoC (Line of Control) and the army realized that they had different tactics, they realized the plan was much bigger in scale than they first assumed.