1. Kabir

Ram — the divinity in Kabir’s writings — isn’t the king of Ayodhya, but the Almighty who is omnipresent and omniscient.

Kabir

 

2. Tulsidas

Tulsidas was born with all the 32 teeth in his mouth.

Tulsidas

 

3. Bharatendu Harishchandra

A thespian who was supposed to play ‘Laxman’ in the play ‘Janki Mangal’ was replaced by Bharatendu Harishchandra when the former fell ill and drew himself out a couple of hours before the play commenced.

Harishchandra

 

4. Surdas

His collection of poems Sur Sagar, originally comprised 100,000 compositions out of which only 8,000 pieces have been preserved.

Surdas

 

5. Munshi Premchand

Munshi Premchand once played a cameo in a Hindi film Mazdoor which was written by himself. The rebellious theme of this 1934 movie led to its banning by the British government.

Munshi Premchand

 

6. Mahavir Prasad Dwivedi

Mahavir Prasad Dwivedi represents one of the four phases of modern Hindi literature — Dwivedi Yug (1893 – 1918); while others are Bharatendu Yug (1868–1893), Chhayavad Yug (1918–1937) and the Contemporary Period (1937–present).

Mahavir Prasad

 

7. Ramdhari Singh Dinkar

Truly said: “Dinkar’s Kurukshetra is the Bhagavad Gita of the modern age.

Ramdhari Singh

 

8. Jaishankar Prasad

Jaishankar Prasad wrote his first poem at the age of nine under the pen name Kaladhar. 

Jaishankar Prasad

 

9. Suryakant Tripathi ‘Nirala’

Nothing in Hindi literature can describe the emotional bond of father-daughter, except Nirala’s Saroj Smriti.

Suryakant SInha

 

10. Rahul Sankrityayan

From his Tibet trips, Rahul Sankrityayan clandestinely brought several Sanskrit and Pali manuscripts back to India, which were taken to Tibet in the twelfth century by Buddhist Monks in the wake of Muslim invasions.

Rahul Sankirtan

 

11. Sumitranandan Pant

Jayati Jayati Vidya Sansthan, the Kulgeet of IIT Roorkee, has been composed by Sumitranandan Pant.

Sumitranandan Pant

 

12. Harishankar Parsai

Inarguably the greatest satirist of modern Hindi literature, Harishakar Parsai had also served as a pilot during the Second World War.

Harishankar Prasad

 

13. Harivansh Rai Bachchan

Harivansh Rai Bachchan is the first Indian to get Doctor of Philosophy in English literature from the University of Cambridge.

Harivansh Rai Bachchan

 

14. Mahadevi Verma

One of the Four Pillars of Romanticism in Hindi literature (others being Sumitranandan Pant, Jaishankar Prasad, and Suryakant Tripathi ‘Nirala’), Mahadevi Verma is labelled by many as the ‘Modern Meera’.

Mahadevi Verma


 

15. Sachchidananda Hirananda Vatsyayan ‘Agyeya’

From 1943 to 1946, Agyeya served as a Captain in the Indian Forces and fought against the fascist Japanese while assisting the Allied powers.

Agyeya

 

16. Rahi Masoom Raza

Scripts and dialogues of the 1988 TV Series Mahabharat were written by Rahi Masoom Raza.

Rahi Masoom Raza

 

17. Gajanan Madhav Muktibodh

When Muktibodh’s first individual book Chand Ka Munh Tedha Hai, a collection of poems, was published, he was comatose and gradually slipped to death.

Muktibodh

 

18. Sahir Ludhianvi

Vijay, the iconic character played by Guru Dutt in Pyaasa, is intemperately inspired by Sahir Ludhianvi’s life.

Sahir Ludhiyanvi

 

19. Phanishwar Nath ‘Renu’

Teesri Kasam, the famous Hindi film starring Raj Kapoor and Waheeda Rehman, is based on Phanishwar Nath Renu’s short story Maare Gaye Gulfam.

Phanishwar

 

20. Gopaldas Saxena ‘Neeraj’

After the deaths of his musician friends like S.D. Burman and Jaikishan, Gopaldas ‘Neeraj’ gave up writing songs for Bollywood considering himself unlucky.

Gopaldas

 

21. Rajendra Yadav

Rajendra Yadav relaunched the Hans magazine in 1986 which was started by Munshi Premchand in 1930 but came to an abrupt halt in 1953.

Rajendra Yadav

 

22. Bhisham Sahni

Bhisham Sahni was the younger brother of renowned Hindi film actor, Balraj Sahni.

Bhishm Sahni

 

23. Amrita Pritam

Amrita Pritam was the first woman to win the Sahitya Akademi Award.

Amrita Pritam

 

24. Kamleshwar

Heralded as his magnum opus, Kamleshwar began writing Kitne Pakistan in 1990 which found its way to the bookstores after ten years in 2000.

Kamleshwar

 

25. Yashpal

A prominent member of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA), Yashpal’s wedding ceremony took place in the Bareilly Central Jail in 1936, marking the first marriage ever to be conducted in an Indian prison.

Yashpal

 

26. Shrilal Shukla

Author of the cult classic Raag Darbari, Shrilal Shukla was a PCS officer who was later promoted to the IAS.

Srilal Shukla

 

27. Nagarjun

During the Emergency (1975-1977) in Indira Gandhi’s regime, Nagarjun — a peaceful writer of Buddhist ideology — was imprisoned for eleven months.

Nagarjun

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