A cross-and-circle board game that originated in ancient India, chausar (also known as ‘pachisi’) is played on a cross surface. Cowrie shells are thrown which allow players to play certain moves. The game is called pachisi because the largest number than can be thrown by the cowrie shells is 25.
These men were seen playing chausar at the Gujari Mahal museum in Gwalior. The palace was built by Raja Man Singh for his Gujar wife Mrignayani when she asked for a separate palace with a regular water supply from the nearby River Rai.