In the recent times, the political arena has gone through hard turmoil due to the upcoming Lok Sabha elections. Of course each one of us is acquainted with the happenings around, be it controversies around NaMo or the uprising of the Aam Admi Party. The sudden rise also comes with its share of suspicion, and yet somewhere down the line, we all hope the party continues to flourish and doesn’t perish like these political parties, we are telling you about in what follows:
5. The Socialist Democratic Party
The Socialist Democratic Party was founded in 1959 in Andhra Pradesh with P.V.G. Raju elected as the party chairman. This party was formed to bring people of all social classes together and to eliminate all the inequalities that ruled the state. In fact, people from different parties came together to form the Socialist Democratic Party. However, soon, the Democratic Party members deserted the party; and, a year later, P.V.G Raju merged the party, due to much inconsistencies and lack of a strong footage, with the Indian National Congress. On December 10th, 1959, the party was legally dissolved by the Speaker of Andhra Pradesh Legislative Assembly.
4. Janata Party
The People’s Party or the Janata Party was formed by an amalgamation of several other parties as a sign of disapproval to Indira Gandhi’s imposition of State Emergency in 1975. In fact, in 1977, the party defeated the mammoth Indian National Congress and formed the first ever non congress political party to govern India. After coming to power, the Janata Government put on hold many decrees of the Emergency Area and started official investigations into all the abuses of/during the Emergency period. In short, it was living to its name: “Janata Party”. AAP’s sudden formation, in a way, reminds many of the Janata Party. However, although numerous ideological decisions were enforced and taken, the Janata party, still in its nascent stage, wasn’t able to shoot off the National Problems and hence, was declared a failure. Later, in August 2013, the party (which had almost been erased) merged with the Bharatiya Janata Party.
3. The Bangla Congress
As the name suggests, the Bangla Congress was a regional party formed in the state of West Bengal. It was formed in 1960 due to a rift in the Indian National Congress in West Bengal, and became an instant favorite among the masses. In fact, in 1967, the party co-governed the state along with the Communist Party of India (Marxist) [CPI (M)] twice: once from March 15th to November 2nd, 1967; and the next period was between 25th February to 19th March, 1970.
However, though its ideological claims were high and promising, the party couldn’t stand by their words and faced a rapid decline. Finally, it again reunited with the Indian National Congress. Their sudden arrival into the political scenario reminded us so much of AAP that we couldn’t stop ourselves from including the party.
2. The All-India Trinamool Congress
The All India Trinamool Congress or TMC or AITMC is a sub-national state-level political party, which is currently the ruling party of West Bengal. It was formed by the current Chief Minister of West Bengal, Mamata Banerjee and is currently the sixth largest party in Lok Sabha with 19 seats. The party was formed as a defiance against the crude politics of the then ruling party of West Bengal, the Communist Party of India (Marxist) [CPI (m)]. After its inception, it remained with the INC for two years and it was only in 1997 that it got its new identity. After continuous struggle against the powerful CPIM, TMC was finally able to beat their more-than 27 years’ regime IN 2011.
1. The Bahujan Samaj Party
The Bahujan Samaj Party is a National Party in India (based in Uttar Pradesh) and has been formed to protect the rights of the people of scheduled castes, tribes and other backward communities and classes. According to the founder, Kanshi Ram, the ideologies of the party were inspired by B.R. Ambedkar’s philosophy. Formed in 1984, Kanshi Ram was succeeded by the powerful lady, Mayawati who later went on to become the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh in 2007. Currently, in the 15th Lok Sabha, the party, with 21 members, enjoys the status of the fourth largest party.