The government has claimed that the Swachh Bharat Mission has increased the access to toilets to 46.9% from only 32.6% in 2011 across the country. Eighty-nine lakh individual household latrines have been built in rural areas in the past one year.
But poll-bound Bihar and neighbouring Uttar Pradesh have built only 927 and 862 household latrines, respectively.
According to TOI, Minister for Urban development M Venkaiah Naidu said that his ministry has surpassed the target of building about 60 lakh toilets. Naidu said that he is hopeful that in the urban areas the target will be achieved by March 2016. He stressed that changing the thinking and attitude of people is still one of the biggest challenges. He also claimed that Swachh Bharat is the “mother of all new missions.”
Naidu said that the government has been successful in spreading awareness and sensitised people about cleanliness.
“A clean India is the most profound statement that the county can make to the world which is keenly watching us in the context of various initiatives launched during the last over one year.” he said.
Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka, Punjab, Chhattisgarh, Andhra Pradesh, Rajasthan and Haryana have done well in the construction of individual household toilets based on the reports received till August. The target of 25 lakh household toilets in urban areas of all states has been achieved till March and about 16.45 lakh have been completed or are in the final phase of its completion.
Uttar Pradesh and Bihar are still lagging behind in this mission, while toilet construction is still to begin in five UTs, four North-Eastern states, and Kerala and Tamil Nadu. About the construction of community and public toilets in urban areas, Naidu said that from the target of building one lakh toilet seats by March, 94,653 toilet seats has been taken up and 24, 233 seats have already been constructed. Stating that solid waste management is the largest component of the mission in urban areas, Naidu said that till August this year, 100 per cent door-to-door collection of municipal solid waste has been reported in 31,593 of the total 78,003 municipal wards. The mission is on its way to achieve the target of door-to-door collection of 50 per cent of solid waste by March.
In solid waste management, Chandigarh leads the list of good performers with 100 per cent processing followed by Meghalaya (58%), Delhi (52%), Kerala and Manipur (50% each), Telangana (48%), Karnataka (34%) and Andaman & Nicobar Islands (30%).
Surat (38 wards), Ahmedabad (64 wards), Mahisagar (27 wards) and Morbi (14 wards) – all in Gujarat – and Andaman & Nicobar Islands (30 wards) have reported 100% door-to-door collection of solid wastes.
Surat and Morbi in Gujarat have also already met the mission targets of construction of 6,634 and 3,028 individual toilets already. Ahmedabad and Mahisagar, also in Gujarat are very close to meeting the mission targets of construction of 22,562 and 3,028 toilets, according to Naidu. The mission of Swacch Bharat was started by the Prime Minister Narendra Modi last year.